The Metro article by Bunkle and Coney explained that women with precancerous carcinoma in situ of the cervix CISand some with micro invasive cancer of the cervix or vaginal vault had, without their knowledge, received repeated diagnostic biopsies and cervical smears, but had been left untreated or undertreated in order to study the extent to which these lesions developed into invasive cancer. The result was that many developed invasive cancer and some died.
An edited excerpt from Carceral Capitalism, Semiotext e Excerpted without accompanying footnotes. Rather than focusing on the axis of production by analyzing how racism operates via wage differentials, this work attempts to identify and analyze what I consider the two main modalities of contemporary racial capitalism: These racialized economic practices and modes of governance are linked insofar as they both emerge to temporarily stave off crises generated by finance capital.
By titling this book Carceral Capitalism, I hope to draw attention to the ways in which the carceral techniques of the state are shaped by—and work in tandem with—the imperatives of global capitalism.
Predatory lending is a form of bad-faith lending that uses the extension of credit as a method of dispossession. In the United States, the kind of credit a borrower has access to depends in part on the race of the borrower. Today, before working on this introduction, I read an article in the New York Times about how the largest bank in the U.
As predatory lending systematically prevents mostly poor black Americans from accumulating wealth or private property, it is a form of social exclusion that operates via the inclusion of marginalized populations as borrowers.
For it is as borrowers that they are eventually marked for further social exclusion through credit and e-scores. Predatory lending exists in many forms, including subprime mortgage loans, student loans for sham for-profit colleges which Obama attempted to regulate, but may be revived by Secretary of Education Betsy DeVoscar loans, and so forth.
Predatory lending practices also have a decidedly spatialized character. In impoverished urban areas, predatory lending exists in the form of rent-to-own scams, payday loans, bail-bond loans, and other practices.
Overall, predatory lending enables profit maximization when growth is stagnant, but this form of credit will always be plagued by realization problems, which are sometimes resolved using state force.
Parasitic forms of governance—which have intensified in the wake of the crash—are rooted in decades-old problems that are coming to a head only now. Beginning in the s, there was a revolt in the capitalist class that undermined the tax state and led to the transformation of public finance.
The hegemony of finance is antidemocratic not only because financial institutions are opaque and can influence finance through their ownership of the public debt but also because fiscal crises which can be induced by the financial sector authorize the use of state power to extract from the public.
Parasitic governance, as a modality of the new racial capitalism, uses five primary techniques: The Financial State of Exception Perhaps what I would call a financial state of exception would be best exemplified by the recent cases of the Flint water crisis and the Puerto Rican fiscal crisis.
They both entail a suspension of the so-called normal democratic modes of governance where decisions are made by elected officials and the implementation of rule by emergency managers EMs who represent the interests of the financial sector.
A financial state of emergency can also be induced when banks create a liquidity shortage by abruptly refusing to lend money to government bodies which is what occurred in the bankruptcy of New York City.
Flint, Michigan, is a perfect example of how a financial state of exception can produce a nightmarish outcome. As I write this, it has been more than a thousand days since Flint had clean water—but what does this have to do with the financial and government processes I have described above?
InGovernor Rick Snyder appointed emergency managers to seize control of the financial affairs of the city in the name of the public good. Like many other ailing postindustrial cities in Michigan that have experienced depopulation and the collapse of the tax base, Flint was facing a fiscal crisis.
rule, subsequent federal circuit courts have focused on the concurring language, where Justice Alito restated the conclusion of the Court as holding that “illegal drug use presents a grave and in many ways unique threat to Inquiry Analysis August Journal of Contemporary Law; Rational Basis Analysis of 'Assault Weapon' Prohibition, by David B. Kopel. Confrontation Clause Analysis After Crawford v. Washington Robert Calhoun Professor of Law, Golden Gate Law School I. The Crawford holding In its holding in Crawford v.
Officials—including the emergency financial managers—did this knowing that the city did not have the infrastructure to properly treat the water. The untreated water corroded the pipes, and high levels of lead leaked into the water, poisoning the primarily black residents of the city.
To give you a sense of how toxic the water was, consider that at 5, parts per billion of lead, water is regarded as hazardous waste. When the Flint resident LeeAnne Walters had her water tested, the lead level was at 13, parts per billion.
In short, the financial state of exception created by the budget crisis authorized the implementation of emergency financial managers whose primary goal was to make Flint solvent by any means necessary, even if it meant endangering the health of the residents. Under the auspices of the EMs, Flint was barred from borrowing money or issuing bonds.
Given that, under the current fiscal paradigm, the federal government no longer provides significant funds to cities, the residents were left to suffer the consequences of the dramatic spending cuts.
As dry and technical and boring as the topic of municipal finance and fiscal retrenchment is, we see in the case of the Flint water crisis that these matters form the invisible backdrop of our lives: They directly determine our quality of life and even our health outcomes.
We cannot, even on a bodily level, flourish under these conditions. But it should be emphasized that vulnerability to parasitic government practices is not equally distributed in the country. The practices you are exposed to depend on where you live which, given how segregated our country is, is determined in large part by your race and class.
Automation The second technique of the parasitic governance model I am outlining is automation. To cite a common example: Tickets for traffic violations such as running a red light can be issued by mail when sensors and cameras are affixed to traffic lights.The failure analysis process relies on collecting failed components for subsequent examination of the cause or causes of failure using a wide array of methods Forensic inquiry into the failed process or product is the starting point of failure analysis.
Such inquiry is conducted using scientific analytical methods such as electrical and. The design of HMS Hood dated back to the middle of World War I. Although the Royal Navy was secure in the knowledge that its superiority in battleships was unassailable, the Admiralty remained concerned about possible German superiority in battlecruisers, which if tactically well employed could exert an influence all out of proportion to their numbers.
The New Inquiry. The New Inquiry is a space for discussion that aspires to enrich cultural and public life by putting all available resources—both digital and material—toward the .
ANALYSIS OF THE INQUIRY AND SUBSEQUENT INTERVENTION OF: Ampe akelyernemane meke mekarle: “little children are sacred”. Report of the Northern Territory Board of Inquiry into the Protection of Aboriginal Children from Sexual Abuse. The Gosport Independent Panel Report.
The Report is an in-depth analysis of the Gosport Independent Panel’s findings. It explains how the information reviewed by the Panel informed those findings and illustrates how the disclosed documents add to public understanding of events at . Overview. APRA announced the Prudential Inquiry on 28 August to examine the frameworks and practices in relation to the governance, culture and accountability within the CBA group, following a number of incidents that damaged the reputation and public standing of the bank.