Posted on August 29, by Scott Alexander [Epistemic status: Pieced together from memory years after the event.
Wikipedia is an encyclopedic reference, not an instruction manual, guidebook, or textbook. Wikipedia articles should not read like: While Wikipedia has descriptions of people, places and things, an article should not read like a "how-to" style owner's manualcookbookadvice column legalmedical or otherwise or suggestion box.
This includes tutorials, instruction manuals, game guides, and recipes. Describing to the reader how people or things use or do something is encyclopedic; instructing the reader in the imperative mood about how to use or do something is not. An article on Paris should mention landmarks, such as the Eiffel Tower and the Louvrebut not the telephone number or street address of the "best" restaurants, nor the current price of a French: Wikipedia is not the place to recreate content more suited to entries in hotel or culinary guides, travelogues, and the like.
Notable locations may meet the inclusion criteria, but the resulting articles need not include every tourist attraction, restaurant, hotel or venue, etc. While travel guides for a city will often mention distant attractions, a Wikipedia article for a city should only list those that are actually in the city.
If you do wish to help write a travel guide, your contributions would be welcome at our sister project, Wikivoyage. An article about a video game should briefly summarize the story and the main actions the player performs in the game; however, avoid lists of gameplay weapons, items, or concepts, unless these are notable as discussed in secondary sources in their own right in gaming context such as the BFG from the Doom series.
Walk-throughs or detailed coverage of specific point values, achievements, time-limits, levels, types of enemies, character moves, character weight classes, and so on are also considered inappropriate.
A concise summary is appropriate if it is essential to understanding the game or its significance in the industry. Wikipedia articles should not exist only to describe the nature, appearance or services a website offers, but should also describe the site in an encyclopedic manner, offering detail on a website's achievements, impact or historical significance, which can be kept significantly more up-to-date than most reference sources, since editors can incorporate new developments and facts as they are made known.
See the Current events portal for examples.
Wikipedia articles should not list frequently asked questions FAQs. Instead, format the information as neutral prose within the appropriate article s. Textbooks and annotated texts.
Wikipedia is an encyclopedic reference, not a textbook. The purpose of Wikipedia is to present facts, not to teach subject matter. It is not appropriate to create or edit articles that read as textbooks, with leading questions and systematic problem solutions as examples.
These belong on our sister projects, such as WikibooksWikisourceand Wikiversity. Some kinds of examples, specifically those intended to inform rather than to instruct, may be appropriate for inclusion in a Wikipedia article. A Wikipedia article should not be presented on the assumption that the reader is well-versed in the topic's field.
Introductory language in the lead and sometimes the initial sections of the article should be written in plain terms and concepts that can be understood by any literate reader of Wikipedia without any knowledge in the given field before advancing to more detailed explanations of the topic.
While wikilinks should be provided for advanced terms and concepts in that field, articles should be written on the assumption that the reader will not or cannot follow these links, instead attempting to infer their meaning from the text.
Texts should be written for everyday readers, not just for academics. Article titles should reflect common usagenot academic terminology, whenever possible. Many topics are based on the relationship of factor X to factor Y, resulting in one or more full articles.
For example, this could refer to situation X in location Y, or version X of item Y. This is perfectly acceptable when the two variables put together represent some culturally significant phenomenon or some otherwise notable interest.
Often, separate articles are needed for a subject within a range of different countries, due to substantial differences across international borders; articles such as " Slate industry in Wales " and " Island fox " are fitting examples.
Writing about " Oak trees in North Carolina " or " Blue trucks ", however, would likely constitute a POV fork or original researchand would certainly not result in an encyclopedic article.
Wikipedia is not a crystal ball.Islam, Muslims and Islamic civilization are under siege in America. Subsequent to the tragic incidents of September 11, Afghanistan and Iraq wars, ISIS’s barbarism and Paris shooting, Islam both as religion and community has witnessed some of the worst attacks upon its heritage and legacy unprecedented in the previous history.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Police decision-making relies on a myriad of factors to include the individual officer’s characteristics, the environment the officer works in, the characteristics of the offender, the situation the officer finds themselves in, and the organization that influences them.
The IELTS writing task 2 sample answer below has examiner comments and is band score 9. The topic of social media is common and this IELTS essay question was reported in the IELTS test.
Check the model essay and then read the comments. Many people believe that social networking sites (such as. A preliminary investigation of Hall’s scales for the dimensions of bureaucracy revealed that there is a hierarchy of authority, division of labour, presence of rules, procedural specifications, impersonality, and personnel standards of technical competence (Jozef, ) which makes up the bureaucratic nature.
Harold Wilensky put it baldly and succinctly: "Economic growth is the ultimate cause of welfare state development." Harold Wilensky, The Welfare State and Equality (Berkeley: University of California Press, ), p.
2. Thus, Flora and Alber find no correlation between levels of industrialization and social insurance programs of 12 European nations between the s and the s. Essay on Bureaucracy: it’s Meaning and Growth! Meaning of Bureaucracy. The growth of Bureaucracy is a major social trend of modern society.
It is found in both public and private organizations.